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This area is dedicated to brain health in football. It provides essential information, research and guidance for heading and concussion guidelines.

Player holding head

Heading in Football

Here, you’ll find information on the trial to remove deliberate heading in football matches at U12 level and below together with guidance on heading in training.



In 2018, The FA and the PFA appointed the University of Nottingham to conduct an independent research study into the long-term brain health of former professional footballers.

The first two FOCUS studies, led by Weiya Zhang at the Versus Arthritis Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis, have now been peer reviewed and published by Sports Medicine – Open:

AREAS OF Research